Cultural tips for group trips

        Dos and don’ts of Uganda cultural etiquette for visits to Uganda. What You Need to Know Before You Visit

                         Embracing local Ugandan customs:  dos and don’ts of Uganda cultural etiquette

Ugandan culture contains a myriad of customs – both acceptable behaviours and faux pas. Take a step in the right direction with these dos and don’ts of Uganda cultural etiquette-before-you-go tips 

Uganda, a country situated in East Africa, is known for its tropical climate, stunning wildlife, and vibrant cultures. However, beyond the tourist hotspots, Uganda has a rich and complex cultural heritage that has evolved over centuries. From its diverse ethnic groups to its traditional music and dance, Uganda is a treasure trove of cultural traditions waiting to be discovered.

Most things we do every day are done without much thought. They are routine. Once you leave your familiar surroundings and enter into Ugandan or African culture, however, virtually everything will be different. Everything requires thought and everything can potentially be a trigger for culture shock—language, transportation, food, cleanliness, personal space, and even bathrooms.


There are over 65 tribes in Uganda, each with its own unique culture, traditions, and language. Before you visit this beautiful country, it is important to have an understanding of the tribes and their customs to fully appreciate and respect their way of life.


Uganda’s religious landscape is multifaceted, encompassing Christianity, Islam, indigenous religions, and other belief systems. Each religion has played a significant role in shaping the country’s history, culture, and identity. To fully appreciate and understand Uganda, it is essential to approach its religious diversity with curiosity, respect, and an open heart.

Ceremonies and festivals:

‘It’s important to have an understanding of the ceremonies and festivals that take place in Uganda. These cultural events are not only a great way to immerse yourself in the local traditions, but they also provide a unique and memorable experience. Here are a few things you need to know about the ceremonies and festivals of Uganda before you visit.

Uganda is a country rich in cultural diversity, with over 50 different tribes. Each tribe has its own unique traditions and ceremonies, which are celebrated throughout the year. Some of the most popular festivals in Uganda include the Buganda Kingdom’s Kabaka’s Birthday celebration, the Karamojong cultural festival, and the Imbalu circumcision ceremony.

 Cultural Sensitivities:

Ugandan culture is diverse, with different tribes and ethnic groups. Be respectful of cultural differences and avoid making judgments or generalizations.
– It is important to remember that homosexuality is not widely accepted in Uganda. It is best to avoid discussions or public displays of affection that may be considered offensive.


There are some cultural customs and etiquette rules surrounding greetings in Uganda that it’s important to be aware of before you visit. Greetings are taken very seriously in Ugandan culture and are considered an important part of daily interactions. Here are a few things you should know:

1. Handshakes: The most common form of greeting in Uganda is a handshake. When greeting someone, it is customary to extend your right hand for a handshake. It’s polite to make eye contact and smile while shaking hands. 

2. Greeting elders: In Ugandan culture, respect for elders is highly valued. When greeting someone older than you, it is customary to extend both hands and bow slightly while shaking hands. This shows your respect and reverence for their age and wisdom.

3. Use of titles: In Uganda, it is common to address people using their titles, especially in formal settings. When greeting someone, it’s polite to use their appropriate title, such as “Mr.”, “Mrs.”, or “Doctor”, followed by their last name.

4. Greeting gestures: In addition to handshakes, there are some common greeting gestures in Uganda. One of them is the “kasasiro” gesture. This involves touching the palm of your right hand to the palm of the other person’s right hand while shaking hands. It is a sign of goodwill and friendship.

5. Greeting in the local language: Learning a few basic greetings in the local language, such as Luganda, can go a long way in showing respect and making a positive  impression. Some common greetings include “Oli otya?” (How are you?), to which you can respond “Bulungi” (I’m fine).

Dress Code:

The clothing in Uganda is modest and conservative, with cultural and religious influences playing a significant role. It is important to respect and adhere to these clothing norms to avoid any offense or misunderstanding.

For both men and women, it is recommended to wear modest and loose-fitting clothing that covers the shoulders and knees. This is particularly important when visiting religious sites or rural areas where the dress code is more traditional. It is also advisable to avoid wearing revealing or tight-fitting clothes as they may be considered inappropriate.

Women should consider wearing skirts or dresses that are below the knee, and blouses or tops with sleeves. Men can wear long trousers or jeans, paired with shirts or t-shirts. By respecting the cultural norms and dressing appropriately, you can ensure a respectful and enjoyable visit to Uganda.


Politeness is highly valued in Ugandan culture. Always remember to say “please” and “thank you” when interacting with locals. Being polite and respectful will go a long way in building positive relationships.

Respect for Elders:

Ugandan culture and traditions are truly unique and fascinating. One aspect that sets it apart is its strong emphasis on family. In Uganda, family is everything. Elders are not just respected but revered for their wisdom and experience. Their opinions hold great importance, and their advice is sought after by young and old alike.

What is Ugandan food and where it comes from?

Ugandan food is a type of cuisine that originates from the country of Uganda. It is known for its unique flavors and ingredients. Ugandan food is influenced by various cultures and regions, resulting in a diverse and vibrant culinary scene.

One of the most popular Ugandan dishes is Matooke. Matooke is made from cooking green bananas with a variety of spices and vegetables. It is often served as a staple food and is enjoyed by both locals and visitors.

In addition to Matooke, Ugandan cuisine also includes other dishes such as posho, curries, and stir-fried dishes. Posho is a type of maize porridge that is commonly eaten with different stews or soups. It is a filling and satisfying dish that is enjoyed by many Ugandans.

Cultural Sensitivity:

Uganda is a diverse country with various ethnic groups and languages. It’s important to be respectful and open-minded towards different cultures and customs. Avoid making negative comments about traditions or engaging in any behavior that could be seen as disrespectful.


When traveling to Uganda, it’s important to be aware of and respect the local customs and etiquette. This includes understanding the proper etiquette when it comes to taking photographs in Uganda. Here are a few key points to keep in mind before you visit.

1. Seek permission: Before taking a photograph of someone, always ask for their permission first. This shows respect for their privacy and cultural traditions. It is especially important when photographing individuals from indigenous communities or religious sites.

2. Respect sacred places: Uganda is home to numerous sacred sites, such as churches, mosques, and traditional shrines. If you wish to take photographs in these places, be sure to follow any guidelines or restrictions that may be in place. It is also advisable to ask for permission from religious leaders or authorities before taking any pictures.

3. Be mindful of wildlife: Uganda is known for its diverse wildlife, including endangered species like mountain gorillas. When photographing wildlife, it is important to maintain a safe distance and avoid disturbing their natural behavior. Do not use flash photography as it can startle or stress the animals. Always follow the guidance of professional guides or rangers when photographing wildlife.

4. Avoid intrusive photography: Taking photographs of people without their consent or in a way that invades their privacy is considered disrespectful. Always be mindful of your surroundings and avoid capturing sensitive or intimate moments without permission.

5. Be aware of cultural sensitivities: Uganda is a culturally rich and diverse country with over 50 ethnic groups. It is important to be respectful of local customs and traditions when taking photographs. Avoid taking pictures of individuals engaged in religious or traditional ceremonies, unless you have explicit permission to do so.

6. Share your photographs responsibly: If you plan to share your photographs online or use them for any other purpose, be sure to respect the privacy of the individuals captured in the images. Avoid sharing photographs that could be considered offensive or disrespectful to the local culture or customs.

Wildlife and Nature:

Uganda is known for its stunning wildlife and natural beauty. When visiting national parks or reserves, it is crucial to follow the guidelines provided by the park authorities. This includes maintaining a safe distance from the animals and not disturbing their natural habitat.


While English is widely spoken in Uganda, learning a few basic phrases in the local languages such as Luganda or Swahili can go a long way in building rapport and showing respect to the locals.


Ugandans have a more relaxed attitude towards time, so it is advisable to be flexible and patient. However, when attending formal events or meetings, it is still important to arrive on time. Being punctual demonstrates respect for the host and the occasion.

Use of Right Hand:

In Ugandan culture, the right hand is considered cleaner and more respectful than the left hand. It is customary to use your right hand for eating, greeting, and exchanging items with others. Avoid using your left hand whenever possible, as it is considered unclean.

Environmental Awareness:

Uganda is known for its stunning natural landscapes and wildlife. It is essential to respect the environment and wildlife by not littering, avoiding unnecessary noise, and following designated trails in national parks.

Hand gestures:

Hand gestures can vary greatly from one culture to another, and it’s important to be aware of these differences when traveling to a new country. In Thailand, for example, a common hand gesture used to beckon someone is to waggle the fingers with the palm facing down. It’s a polite way to signal someone to come closer.

When it comes to stopping a taxi, bus, boda boda, or tuk-tuk in Uganda, it’s important to know the appropriate hand gesture. Instead of using the universal thumbs-up sign for hitch-hiking, Ugandans use a palm-down gesture. To hail a vehicle, simply extend your arm with the palm facing down. This gesture is similar to the one used to signal for someone to calm down or slow down.

Superstitions are rife:

Superstitions are rife in many cultures around the world, and Uganda is no exception. In this land of diverse beliefs and traditions, superstitions play an integral role in everyday life. From seeking guidance from a witch doctor or priest for important decisions to taking precautionary measures to ward off evil spirits, superstitions are deeply ingrained in Ugandan society.

One common superstition in Uganda is the belief in ghosts and spirits. Many Ugandans believe that these supernatural beings have the power to influence their lives. As a result, it is customary for people to consult a witch doctor or priest to determine an auspicious date before important events such as weddings, buying a home, or test driving a car. This consultation is believed to ensure good fortune and avoid any negative consequences.

Gift-Giving Etiquette in Uganda

Gift-giving is a common practice in Uganda and can help foster positive relationships with locals. Here are a few things you need to know about gift-giving etiquette in Uganda before you visit.

1. Consider the occasion: In Uganda, gift-giving often takes place during special occasions such as weddings, birthdays, or religious festivals. When selecting a gift, consider the purpose of the occasion and choose something appropriate.

2. Be thoughtful: Ugandans appreciate gifts that show thoughtfulness and consideration. Take the time to understand the interests and preferences of the recipient. Personalized gifts or items that reflect their culture and traditions are often well-received.

3. Give practical gifts: Practical gifts are highly valued in Uganda. Consider giving items that can be put to use in everyday life, such as household goods, clothing, or tools. These types of gifts are often seen as helpful and meaningful.

4. Avoid expensive or extravagant gifts: While generosity is appreciated in Uganda, it is important to be mindful of the cultural context. Avoid giving gifts that are overly expensive or extravagant, as this may create feelings of obligation or embarrassment for the recipient.

5. Present the gift with both hands: When offering a gift, it is customary to present it with both hands as a sign of respect. This gesture shows that you are offering the gift with sincerity and humility.

6. Acceptance of gifts: If someone offers you a gift, it is polite to accept it graciously. Even if the gift is something you may not need or want, it is important to show appreciation for the gesture.

7. Consider cultural norms: Uganda is a diverse country with many different ethnic groups, each with their own customs and traditions. Take the time to learn about the specific cultural norms of the community or individual you are gifting to, as this can vary across regions.

Avoid political discussions when visiting Uganda:

When visiting Uganda, it is important to be mindful of the cultural and political sensitivities in the country. One topic that should be avoided during your visit is engaging in political discussions. Uganda has a complex political landscape, and discussing politics with locals can be seen as intrusive or offensive.

It is essential to remember that as a visitor, your role is to respect and appreciate the local culture and customs. Engaging in political discussions can easily lead to misunderstandings or unintentional disrespect.

By focusing on the beauty and cultural richness of Uganda, you can have a memorable and enjoyable visit without getting caught up in potentially sensitive or uncomfortable political discussions.

You’ll be called ‘Mzungu’ when visiting Uganda:

As a foreigner, you may encounter a term that is commonly used to refer to visitors like yourself – ‘Mzungu’.

The term ‘Mzungu’ is widely used in Uganda to refer to white or foreign visitors. It is a Swahili word that translates to ‘wanderer’ or ‘wandering around’. Ugandans often use this term in a friendly and non-offensive manner to describe someone who is not from the local community. It is important to note that the term is not inherently derogatory or negative, but rather a way to identify someone as a visitor.

Don’t point at people

Pointing at someone in Uganda is considered disrespectful and impolite. It is viewed as a gesture of aggression and can be interpreted as an attempt to single out or mock the person being pointed at. Ugandans value personal space and believe that everyone should be treated with dignity and respect. Instead of pointing directly at someone, it is more appropriate to gesture with an open hand or nod in their direction to indicate their presence.

Tipping when visiting Uganda

In Uganda, the tipping culture may differ from what you are used to. It is not expected to tip in all situations, but it is greatly appreciated when you do. Here are a few guidelines to keep in mind when tipping in Uganda:

1. Restaurants: When dining out, it is customary to tip around 5-10% of the bill. However, some restaurants might include a service charge in the bill, so it is worth checking before leaving an additional tip. If the service has been exceptional, feel free to tip more.

2. Hotels: Tipping hotel staff is a common practice in Uganda. Tip the hotel porters around 1,000-2,000 Ugandan Shillings per bag when they help with your luggage. Housekeeping staff can be tipped around 5,000-10,000 Ugandan Shillings per day of your stay. If you have received exceptional service from the hotel staff or concierge, a higher tip is appropriate.

3. Safari Guides and Drivers: If you are going on a safari or hiring a driver, it is customary to tip your guide. The amount to tip will depend on the length of the safari and the quality of service provided. A general guideline is to tip around $10-20 per day for a safari guide and $5-10 per day for a driver.

4. Tour Guides: If you are taking a guided tour of the country or visiting tourist attractions, it is customary to tip the guide. The amount to tip can vary, but around $5-10 per day is considered a fair amount. However, if the guide has gone above and beyond to make your experience memorable, feel free to tip more.

5. Other Services: Tipping is not limited to restaurants and hotels. If you receive any other services during your trip, such as spa treatments or assistance from locals, it is polite to show appreciation with a small tip. Use your discretion and tip according to the level of service provided.


Uganda is a country with a unique and vibrant African culture that has evolved over centuries. Its culture is influenced by religion, art, language, food, and festivals, and has a distinct African identity that sets it apart from other countries in the region. Ugandan culture is not only fascinating but also deeply significant, as it reflects the values, beliefs, and customs of the Ugandan people. Therefore, it is crucial to preserve and promote Ugandan culture for future generations to appreciate and learn from.

To truly understand Uganda, one must immerse oneself in its rich culture. By exploring its art, religion, language, food, and festivals, one can gain a deeper appreciation for the country and its people.

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